Estados Unidos:¿Cuántos presidentes han sido destituidos?

Estados Unidos:¿Cuántos presidentes han sido destituidos?, Donald Trump

Getty Estados Unidos:¿Cuántos presidentes han sido destituidos?

Sólo dos presidentes, Andrew Johnson y Bill Clinton, han sido acusados ​​por la Cámara de Representantes en la historia de los Estados Unidos. Ninguno de los dos fue removido de su cargo. Un tercer presidente, Richard Nixon, renunció en medio de una investigación de juicio político en 1974. Es el único presidente que renunció.

Muchas personas piensan erróneamente que Nixon fue acusado. No fue acusado, como aclara The Washington Post: más bien, el Comité Judicial de la Cámara de Representantes aprobó artículos de juicio político para Nixon en 1974, pero Nixon renunció antes de una votación de la Cámara sobre esos cargos de juicio político.

La presidenta de la Cámara de Representantes, Nancy Pelosi, anunció que convocaría una investigación formal de juicio político contra Donald Trump por parte de la Cámara de Representantes el 24 de septiembre.

Sin embargo, eso no significa que los procedimientos de juicio político contra el presidente sucederán en cualquier momento en las próximas semanas, y no garantiza un cargo de juicio político. Eso requerirá un voto mayoritario de 218 o más en la Cámara de Representantes.

Esto es lo que tienes que saber:

Andrew Johnson: acusado, luego absuelto en 1868

Andrew Johnson: The impeached presidentRaised in poverty, uneducated, a working class figure whose political ethos was "my way or the highway," Andrew Johnson's surprising rise to the Oval Office upon Abraham Lincoln's assassination was followed by a torturous relationship with Congress and the first impeachment of a U.S. president. Mo Rocca looks back at the life of the Southern Democrat who was one of America's most unfortunate chief executives. Subscribe to the "CBS Sunday Morning" Channel HERE: http://bit.ly/20gXwJT Get more of "CBS Sunday Morning" HERE: http://cbsn.ws/1PlMmAz Follow "CBS Sunday Morning" on Instagram HERE: http://bit.ly/23XunIh Like "CBS Sunday Morning" on Facebook HERE: http://on.fb.me/1UUe0pY Follow "CBS Sunday Morning" on Twitter HERE: http://bit.ly/1RquoQb Follow "CBS Sunday Morning" on Google+ HERE: http://bit.ly/1O3jk4x Get the latest news and best in original reporting from CBS News delivered to your inbox. Subscribe to newsletters HERE: http://cbsn.ws/1RqHw7T Get your news on the go! Download CBS News mobile apps HERE: http://cbsn.ws/1Xb1WC8 Get new episodes of shows you love across devices the next day, stream local news live, and watch full seasons of CBS fan favorites anytime, anywhere with CBS All Access. Try it free! http://bit.ly/1OQA29B — "CBS Sunday Morning" features stories on the arts, music, nature, entertainment, sports, history, science, Americana and highlights unique human accomplishments and achievements. Check local listings for CBS Sunday Morning broadcast times.2018-02-18T14:53:53.000Z

Andrew Johnson fue el primer presidente en ser acusado de juicio político. Específicamente, fue acusado de 11 artículos de juicio político, la mayoría girando en torno a una presunta violación de la Ley de Tenencia de la Oficina. El juicio tuvo lugar en marzo de 1868; En mayo, la mayoría de los senadores votaron para condenar a Johnson, pero no había suficiente mayoría (también conocida como mayoría de 2/3) para condenarlo.

Bill Clinton: acusado en 1998, luego absuelto en 1999

USA: PRESIDENT CLINTON LEWINSKY TESTIMONY VIDEO HIGHLIGHTSEnglish/Nat **THIS SCRIPT CLARIFIES INDIVIDUALS NAMED IN TESTIMONY AND GIVES THEIR STATUS** EDITORS NOTE: THIS MATERIAL MAY CONTAIN SEXUALLY EXPLICIT MATERIAL AND STRONG LANGUAGE. Four hours of sometimes combative grand jury testimony by U-S President Bill Clinton played out on televisions and radios around the world Monday. Clinton was bitter about the tactics used in the Paula Jones lawsuit — and he declined to specifically answer some questions about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky. In the face of repeated questions from prosecutors and grand jurors, Clinton said he was determined to protect his own privacy, and that of his family and others. Clinton sparred with prosecutors over the question about whether he had denied to his aides that any sexual activity — including oral sex — had taken place. He said that since oral sex didn't amount to sexual relations — under his understanding of the definition — the question didn't deal with possible perjury. SOUNDBITE: (English) (Off camera) Mr President, were you physically intimate with Monica Lewinsky. "Mr Bittman (Robert Bittman, Deputy Independent Counsel) I think maybe I can save you and the Grand Jury a lot of time if I read a statement which I think will make it clear what the nature of my relationship with Miss Lewinsky was, how it related to the testimony I gave, what I was trying to do in that testimony. And I think it will perhaps make it possible for you to ask even more relevant questions from your point of view and with your permission I'd like to read that statement." (Off camera): "Absolutely agreed, Mr President." SUPER CAPTION: US President Bill Clinton SOUNDBITE: (English) "When I was alone with Miss Lewinsky on certain occasion in early 1996 and once in early 1997, I engaged in conduct that was wrong. These encounters did not consist of sexual intercourse, they did not constitute sexual relations as I understood that term to be defined at my January 17 1998 deposition but they did involve inappropriate intimate contact. These inappropriate encounters ended at my insistence in early 1997. I also had occasional telephone calls with Miss Lewinsky that included inappropriate sexual banter. I regret that what began as a friendship, came to include this conduct and I take full responsibility for my actions. While I will provide the Grand Jury whatever other information that I can, because of privacy considerations affecting my family, myself and others, and in an effort to preserve the dignity of the office I hold, this is all I will say about the specifics of these particular matters. I will try to answer, to the best of my ability, other questions, including questions about my relationship with Miss Lewinsky, questions about my understanding of the term sexual relations as I understood it to be defined at my January 17, 1998 deposition." SUPER CAPTION: US President Bill Clinton SOUNDBITE: (English) "And I believe that is the definition that most ordinary Americans would give it, if you said Jane and Harry had a sexual relationship, then we're not talking people being drawn into a law suit and being given a definition and then a great effort to trick them in some way. But you're just talking about people in an ordinary conversation. I'll bet the Grand Jurors, if they were talking about two people they know and said they have a sexual relationship they meant they were sleeping together, they meant they were having intercourse together so I am not at all sure that this affidavit is not true — that it was not true in Miss Lewinsky's mind at the time she swore it out." SUPER CAPTION: US President Bill Clinton SOUNDBITE: (English) SUPER CAPTION: US President Bill Clinton SOUNDBITE: (English) SOUNDBITE: (English) You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/3a4e06477e712a4d3b37890f9fd4fa65 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork2015-07-21T17:42:44.000Z

El 19 de diciembre de 1998, la Cámara de Representantes aprobó dos artículos de juicio político contra Bill Clinton, el presidente de la época, después de 14 horas de deliberación. Según una cuenta de History Channel, Clinton fue acusado de mentir bajo juramento ante un gran jurado federal y de obstruir la justicia, ambos en relación con su supuesta relación romántica inapropiada con una pasante llamada Mónica Lewinsky.

Los procedimientos de juicio político se llevarían a cabo casi un mes después, en enero de 1999. El juez principal del Tribunal Supremo de la época, William Rehnquist, era el juez, y los senadores se desempeñaron como jurados.

Luego, el 12 de febrero de 1999, el Senado votó para absolver a Clinton. Específicamente, 45 demócratas y 10 republicaciones votaron “No culpable” por el cargo de perjurio, y hubo un voto de 50-50 por el cargo de obstrucción de la justicia. Ninguno de los votos estuvo cerca de la mayoría de 2/3 necesaria para expulsar al presidente de la oficina.

Richard Nixon: Renunció en 1974 bajo amenaza de juicio político

Nixon Resigns The Presidency August 8, 1974In light of his loss of political support and the near-certainty that he would be impeached and removed, Nixon resigned the presidency on August 9, 1974, after addressing the nation on television the previous evening. Nixon chose to resign after realizing public opinion was not in his favor to remain in office. The resignation speech was delivered from the Oval Office and was carried live on radio and television. Nixon stated that he was resigning for the good of the country and asked the nation to support the new president, Gerald Ford. Nixon went on to review the accomplishments of his presidency, especially in foreign policy. He defended his record as president, quoting from Theodore Roosevelt's 1910 speech Citizenship in a Republic: Sometimes I have succeeded and sometimes I have failed, but always I have taken heart from what Theodore Roosevelt once said about the man in the arena, "whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood, who strives valiantly, who errs and comes up short again and again because there is not effort without error and shortcoming, but who does actually strive to do the deed, who knows the great enthusiasms, the great devotions, who spends himself in a worthy cause, who at the best knows in the end the triumphs of high achievements and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly". Nixon's speech received generally favorable initial responses from network commentators, with only Roger Mudd of CBS stating that Nixon had not admitted wrongdoing. It was termed "a masterpiece" by Conrad Black, one of his biographers. Black opined that "What was intended to be an unprecedented humiliation for any American president, Nixon converted into a virtual parliamentary acknowledgement of almost blameless insufficiency of legislative support to continue. He left while devoting half his address to a recitation of his accomplishments in office." S7082017-08-15T00:01:19.000Z

 

Aunque Richard Nixon es a menudo el presidente que viene a la mente cuando la gente se pregunta qué presidentes han sido acusados, en realidad no se sometió a un proceso de juicio político. Renunció antes de una votación en la Cámara por cargos de destitución. Por lo tanto, no tuvo que pasar por el proceso en absoluto.

Nixon renunció el 8 de agosto de 1974. Según un artículo archivado de The Washington Post, Nixon no admitió ninguno de los “crímenes y delitos menores” de los que fue acusado; más bien, dijo que tenía que “poner los intereses de América primero”, y dijo que se había dado cuenta de que ya no tenía “una base política lo suficientemente fuerte en el Congreso” para ser un presidente efectivo.

Lo más cerca que estuvo de reconocer los cargos en su contra fue cuando dijo: “Lamento profundamente las lesiones que se hayan producido en el curso de los acontecimientos que llevaron a esta decisión”.

VER: Nancy Pelosi pide una investigación de juicio político a Donald Trump

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi speaks on President Trump impeachment | USA TODAYAfter resisting calls to impeach President Donald Trump for months, Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., is set to announce the start of a formal inquiry on Tuesday evening. » Subscribe to USA TODAY: http://bit.ly/1xa3XAh » Watch more on this and other topics from USA TODAY: Politics: https://bit.ly/2Vq6Nnq » USA TODAY delivers current local and national news, sports, entertainment, finance, technology, and more through award-winning journalism, photos, videos and VR. #nancypelosi #impeachment #trumpnews2019-09-24T21:41:26.000Z

 

Arriba, puede ver el anuncio oficial que Pelosi hizo el martes por la noche, en el que declaró la intención de tener una investigación formal de juicio político contra el presidente.

Ese mismo día, el representante John Lewis pidió que se entablaran procedimientos de juicio político contra Trump. Él dijo en parte: “El futuro de nuestra democracia está en juego. Realmente creo que ha llegado el momento de comenzar los procedimientos de juicio político contra este presidente. Hacer lo contrario traicionaría los cimientos de nuestra democracia ”.

Este artículo se redactó con información de nuestro portal hermano, Heavy.com.